英语六级语法知识:插入语用法解析 更新日期:2017-03-03 爱语吧编辑:爱语吧

对于六级考试来说,除了基本的词汇量之外,基础的语法也是不可或缺的哦,语法知识点会贯穿整张试卷!那么,请跟随小编一起来学习吧!

  什么是插入语

  插入语通常是说话者对所表达意思的一种补充、强调、解释或者是说话人的一种态度。它的位置比较灵活,常常会用逗号或者破折号和其他部分隔开,插入语可能是一个词、一个短语或一个句子,但是在语法上不会影响其他成分。

  常作插入语的词类

  一、形容词及其短语

  常见的做插入语的形容词及相关短语主要有:true真的, funny真可笑, strange to say说也奇怪, needless to say不用说, most important of all最为重要, worse still更糟糕的等。例如:

  Strange to say (或True), he should have done such a thing.说也奇怪(或真的),他竟然做出这样的事。

  Most important of all, you each overfulfiled your own task. 更为重要的,你们各自超额完成了自己的任务。

  二、副词

  常用做插入语的副词主要有:indeed的确, surely无疑, however然而, obviously显然, frankly坦率地说, naturally自然, luckily (或happily) for sb.算某人幸运, fortunately幸好, strangely奇怪, honestly真的, briefly简单地说等。例如:

  Surely, she won’t go to China Telecom with you. 当然她不会和你一起去中国电信。

  三、介词短语

  常用作插入语的介词短语主要有:in a few words(或in sum, in short)简而言之, in other words换句话说, in a sense在某种意义上, in general一般说来, in my view在我看来, in his opinion(judgment)按照他的意见(判断), in conclusion总之, in summary概括地说, in fact事实上, in the first place首先, in addition此外, of course当然, to our knowledge据我们所知, to my joy(delight, satisfaction)使我欣慰(高兴、满意)的, to their surprise(astonishment, amazement)使他们惊奇的, to her regret (disappointment)使她遗憾(失望)的, for instance(或example)例如, as a matter of fact事实上等。例如:

  She knows much more about computer science than the other students do, for in stance. 例如,她在计算机科学方面就比其他同学懂得多。

  四、分词短语

  常用作插入语的分词短语主要有:strictly speaking严格地说, generally speaking一般地说, judging from…根据……判断等。例如:

  Judging from his letter, a campaign against "white pollution "has been undertaken in his hometown.根据他的来信做出判断,一场抵制"白色污染"的运动已经在他的故乡展开了。

  五、不定式短语

  常用作插入语的不定式结构有:to be sure无疑地, to sum up概括地说, to tell the truth老实说等。

  To start with, China is ready strengthen scientific and technological cooperation with many countries.首先,中国准备和许多国家加强科学技术合作。

  六、插入句

  常用的插入句主要有:I am sure我可以肯定地说, I believe我相信, I wonder我不知道, you know你知道, you see你明白, that is也就是说, it seems看来是, as I see it照我看来, what is important (serious)重要(严重)的是, I’m afraid恐怕, it is said据说等。例如:

  One day, it is said, Newton saw an apple fall from a tree. 据说,有一天牛顿见到一个苹果从树上掉下来。

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