2017年12月大学英语六级翻译训练(4) 更新日期:2017-10-29 爱语吧编辑:爱语吧

翻译题是英语六级考试的一部分,需要多多练习和自己总结,此次的翻译题是“红包”。 

 

请将下面这段话翻译成英文:
红包(red envelope)在中国传统文化中指春节时长辈给小孩的作为礼物的钱。红包的主要意义在于红色,因为它象征好运和祝福。此外,还有一种红包,是由晚辈送给老人的,意在期盼老人长寿。现在的红包泛指包着钱的红色包装,用于喜庆时的馈赠礼金,如婚礼和新店开张等。有时也指奖金(bonus)或贿赂他人的钱。送红包和收红包是中国人的传统习俗,展现了中国人礼尚往来(reciprocal courtesy)的人际关系。世界上凡是有华人的地方,红包文化都赫然存在。

 

 

参考翻译:

In traditional Chinese culture, red envelop refers to a monetary gift which is given to children by the elder generation during the Spring Festival. The significance of red envelope lies in the red color, which symbolizes good luck and blessings. In addition, there is another type of red envelope presented by the younger generation to the elder generation, which reflects the wish of longevity for the elder generation. In a broad sense, the present red envelope refers to the red packet that contains money presented on some joyous occasions, for example, weddings and opening of new stores and so on. Sometimes, it also refers to the money of bonus and bribery. Presenting and receiving the red envelope is a traditional custom of Chinese, which displays an interpersonal relationship of reciprocal courtesy among Chinese. The red envelope culture exists obviously in places where Chinese people reside.

 

 

翻译讲解:

1.第一句的主干结构为“红包指(作为礼物的)钱”,意为red envelop refers to a monetary gift“长辈给小孩的”是修饰“(作为礼物的)钱”的定语,可以用which引导的定语从句来表达。
2.第三句“还有一种红包”是典型的汉语无主语句式,在翻译时可采用there be句型;“由晚辈送给老人”可作为修饰“红包”的后置定语,用过去分词短语presented by...衔接;“意在期盼老人长寿”可使用which引导的非限制性定语从句来表达,补充说明这种红包的意义。
3.“现在的红包泛指包着钱的红色包装”的主干为“红包泛指红色包装”,“包着钱的”可用that引导的定语从句来表达;“用于喜庆时的馈赠礼金”可接在定语从句后,使用过去分词短语作定语presented on some joyousoccasions
4.“有华人的地方”即“华人居住的地方”,可以用关系副词where引导的定语从句修饰places“地方”。

 

 

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