2017年12月大学英语六级阅读理解练习题(1) 更新日期:2017-11-09 爱语吧编辑:爱语吧

阅读理解是英语六级考试中的重点部分,而随着时代的发展,英语六级中的阅读题型也在不断更替改变,小编为大家整理了六级阅读理解练习及答案,希望可以为大家带来帮助!

 

As we know, it is very important that a firm should pay attention to the training of its staff as there exist many weak parts in its various departments. Staff training must have a purpose, which is defined1 when a firm considers its training needs, which are in turn based on job descriptions and job specifications3.

  A job description should give details of the performance that is required for a particular job, and a job specification2 should give information about the behavior, knowledge and skills that are expected of an employee who works in it. When all of this has been collected, it is possible to make a training specification. This specifies4 what the Training Department must teach for the successful performance of the job, and also the best methods to use in the training period.

  There are many different training methods, and there are advantages and disadvantages of all of them. Successful training programmes depend on an understanding of the difference between learning about skills and training in using them. It is frequently said that learning about skills takes place "off the job" in the classroom, but training in using these skills takes place "on the job", by means of such activities as practice in the workshop.

  It is always difficult to evaluate the costs and savings5 of a training programme. The success of such a programme depends not only on the methods used but also on the quality of the staff who do the training. A company can often check oh savings in time and cost by examining the work performed by the workers and technicians who have completed a training programme. The evaluation6 of management training is much more complex than that.

  21. To be successful in our training programmes, we must understand the difference between______.

  A. a job description and a job specification

  B. what is taught and how it is taught

  C. learning about skills and training in using them

  D. the savings in time and the savings in cost

  22. The success of a training programme depends on_________.

  A. the places where the training takes place

  B. the correct evaluation of the costs and savings of the programme

  C. the performance of the workers and technicians trained in the programme

  D. the training methods and the quality of the training staff

  23. A training specification specifies_______.

  A. the performance required for a certain job

  B. the behavior, knowledge, and skills expected of an employee

  C. the training contents and methods

  D. the costs and savings of the programme

  24. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true?

  A. As there exist weak parts in different departments of a firm, the training of its staff is highly necessary.

  B. A training specification is based on the information collected from a job description and a job specification.

  C. Training in using skills and learning about skills usually do not happen at the same place.

  D. It is easier to evaluate management training than to evaluate the training of workers and technicians.

  25. The best title for this passage might be_______.

  A. A Successful Training Programme

  B. How to Describe and Specify7 a Job

  C. Staff Training

  D. The Importance of Training Workers and Technicians

  参考答案:

  21. C 22. D 23. C 24. D 25. C

 

1 defined    

 

adj 定义的; 清晰的

参考例句:

· These categories are not well defined. 这些类别划分得不太明确。 

· The powers of a judge are defined by law. 法官的权限是由法律规定的。 

 

2 specification    

 

n.详述;[常pl.]规格,说明书,规范

参考例句:

· I want to know his specification of details.我想知道他对细节的详述。

· Examination confirmed that the quality of the products was up to specification.经检查,产品质量合格。

 

3 specifications    

 

n.规格;载明;详述;(产品等的)说明书;说明书( specification的名词复数 );详细的计划书;载明;详述

参考例句:

· Our work must answer the specifications laid down. 我们的工作应符合所定的规范。 来自《简明英汉词典》

· This sketch does not conform with the specifications. 图文不符。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》

 

4 specifies    

 

v.指定( specify的第三人称单数 );详述;提出…的条件;使具有特性

参考例句:

· The third clause of the contract specifies steel sashes for the windows. 合同的第三款指定使用钢窗。 来自《简明英汉词典》

· The contract specifies red tiles, not slates, for the roof. 合同规定屋顶用红瓦,并非石板瓦。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》

 

5 savings    

 

n.存款,储蓄

参考例句:

· I can’t afford the vacation,for it would eat up my savings.我度不起假,那样会把我的积蓄用光的。

· By this time he had used up all his savings.到这时,他的存款已全部用完。

 

6 evaluation    

 

n.估价,评价;赋值

参考例句:

· I attempted an honest evaluation of my own life.我试图如实地评价我自己的一生。

· The new scheme is still under evaluation.新方案还在评估阶段。

 

7 specify    

 

vt.指定,详细说明

参考例句:

· We should specify a time and a place for the meeting.我们应指定会议的时间和地点。

· Please specify what you will do.请你详述一下你将做什么。

 


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